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Workshop "Road Traffic Flow: Analysis, Optimization and Control"

Oct 21 - Oct 22

Summary

Road Traffic Flow - Analysis, Optimization and Control

Transportation plays a pivotal role in a society's economic and social welfare. Overly congested road traffic networks account for several billions of euros in cost, in the Netherlands alone. Since congestion itself can have many different causes (e.g., too much traffic, accidents, and bad network design), it is an inherently interesting and important topic for multiple scientific research areas, ranging from social sciences to civil engineering, mathematics and physics. Each area focuses on their favorite topics and yields interesting and important insights that lead to effective measures to control traffic flows and optimize transportation network performance.

To encourage interaction and collaboration between road-traffic researchers, we are hosting an engaging two-day workshop entitled "Road Traffic Flow: Analysis,  Optimization, and Control" at the workshop institute Eurandom at Eindhoven University of Technology on October 21st and 22nd. The main goal of this workshop is to stimulate the cross-disciplinary collaboration between scientific areas that focus on similar problems, like civil engineering and operations research, which can lead to a synergy that is beneficial for all road traffic research.

The presentations during the workshop will mostly be given by researchers from the Netherlands, ranging from PhD students to full professors, supplemented with  keynote and tutorial presentations from internationally renowned scientists.

Format

With more and more Covid-related restrictions in the Netherlands being eased or abandoned, we expect that the workshop can take place physically at Eurandom in October and that we can all meet one another in person. Therefore, we aim for such a fully on-campus event. In the case that governmental measures and/or measures from the TU/e that are in place by that time do not allow for such an event, the workshop format will either be changed to a hybrid or a fully online event. We will of course keep you up-to-date on those matters and relevant changes in the format.

Sponsors

Organizers

Marko Boon TU Eindhoven
Sindo Núñez Quijea University of Amsterdam
Jan-Kees van Ommeren University of Twente
Jaap Storm TU Eindhoven
Rik Timmerman TU Eindhoven

Speakers

Keynote Speakers:

Carolina Osorio HEC Montreal
Eddie Wilson University of Bristol

Tutorial Speaker

Peter Wagner DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt)

Invited speakers (confirmed)

Simeon Calvert Delft University of Technology
Saif Jabari NYU Abu Dhabi
Rens Kamphuis University of Amsterdam
Victor Knoop Delft University of Technology
Nikki Levering University of Amsterdam
Michel Mandjes University of Amsterdam
Anna Oblakova University of Twente
Maaike Snelder Delft University of Technology
Erik Verhoef Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Programme

(Tentative)
Thursday October 21                                                 Friday October 22

10.00 - 10.30 Welcome and Opening 09.00 - 09.45 Tutorial 2
10.30 - 11.15 Tutorial 1 09.45 - 10.15 Break
11.15 - 11.30 Break 10.15 - 10.45 Talk 6
11.30 - 12.00 Talk 1 10.45 - 11.15 Talk 7
12.00 - 12.30 Talk 2 11.15 - 11.45 Break
12.30 - 13.30 Lunch 11.45 - 12.15 Talk 8
13.30 - 14.00 Talk 3 12.15 - 13.15 Lunch
14.00 - 14.30 Talk 4 13.15 - 13.45 Talk 9
14.30 - 15.00 Break 13.45 - 14.15 Talk 10
15.00 - 15.45 Keynote 1 14.15 - 14.45 Break
15.45 - 16.15 Break 14.45 - 15.30 Keynote 2
16.15 - 16.45 Talk 5 15.30 - Farewell & Drinks
18.00 - Conference Dinner    

Abstracts

Saif Eddin Jabari

Contemporary Techniques for Urban Transport Operations Management
I will discuss two techniques that solve real-time transport operations in urban network settings. The first part of my talk will present a modeling technique used to translate any (ridge) regression problem into a matrix completion problem that can be solved efficiently using block-coordinate descent techniques.  We apply this to forecasting high-resolution traffic states from point sensors in signalized networks.  The approach is particularly suitable for large datasets.  I will discuss some of the modeling advantages and guarantees of performance in the form of generalization errors.  The second part of my talk will focus on lightweight algorithmic approaches for managing two types of systems: (1) urban network traffic signal control and (2) carsharing operations.  I will show how to attack both types of problems using Lyapunov optimization techniques, which ensure stability at the network level while employing simple localized solution approaches.

 

Michel Mandjes

A diffusion-based analysis of a multi-class road traffic network
In this talk I'll discuss a stochastic model that describes the evolution of vehicle densities in a road network. It is consistent with the class of (deterministic) kinematic wave models, which describe traffic flows on the basis of conservation laws that incorporate the macroscopic fundamental diagram (a functional relationship between vehicle density and flow). The setup used is capable of handling multiple types of vehicle densities, with general macroscopic fundamental diagrams, on a network with arbitrary topology. 
Interpreting our system as a spatial population process, it turns out that, under a natural scaling, fluid and diffusion limits can be derived. This means that the vehicle density process can be approximated with a suitable Gaussian process, which yield accurate normal approximations to the joint (in the spatial and temporal sense) vehicle density process. The corresponding means and variances allowing efficient computation by solving specific differential equations, we provide insight into the underlying computational complexity. 
Time permitting, I also show how the limit results give rise to an approximation to the vehicles' travel-time distribution between any given origin and destination pair.
(joint work with Jaap Storm)

 

Carolina Osorio

High-dimensional traffic control through Bayesian optimization
In this talk, we consider high-dimensional traffic signal control problems that arise in congested metropolitan areas. We focus on the use of high-resolution urban mobility stochastic simulators and formulate the control problems as high-dimensional continuous simulation-based optimization (SO) problems. We discuss the opportunities and challenges of designing SO algorithms for these problems. An important component in high-dimensional problems is the exploration-exploitation tradeoff. We discuss work that has focused on improving the exploitation capabilities of SO algorithms. We then present novel exploration techniques suitable for high-dimensional spaces. We consider a Bayesian optimization setting, and propose the use of a simple analytical traffic model to specify the covariance function of a Gaussian process. We show how this enables the Bayesian optimization method to more efficiently sample in high-dimensional spaces. We present validation experiments on synthetic low-dimensional problems. We then apply the method to a high-dimensional traffic control problem for Midtown Manhattan, in New York City.

 

Registration

Registration is free, but compulsory. Please follow this link

 

 

Details

Start:
Oct 21
End:
Oct 22
Event Category:

Venue

MF 11-12 (4th floor MetaForum Building, TU/e)